# How To Use Excel Multiple IF Statements (Easy Steps)

October 13, 2023 1.2K views

Unlock the potential of Excel's multiple IF statements! Enhance logical calculations, conquer complexity, and avoid errors. This comprehensive guide offers easily understandable explanations, real-world examples, and detailed, sequential guidelines, guaranteeing precise and swift calculations. Prepare yourself to master IF statements and achieve excellence!

## What is Multiple IF Statements in Excel

Excel enjoys extensive popularity in the realms of data analysis and management. The multiple IF statements in Excel are a powerful tool for logical comparisons between values. A standard IF formula can only have two results, which may need to be revised in certain situations. It is where multiple IF statements come in handy.

• Syntax of the IF Function

The syntax of the IF function is as follows:

=IF(logical_test, [value_if_true], [value_if_false])

Logical_test represents the condition that needs to be evaluated. It could be a cell reference, a range name, a number, or a text string. Value_if_true is the value returned if the logical test is true, and value_if_false is the value returned if the logical test is false.

• Reference to Microsoft Support and Relevant Resources

Microsoft Support provides detailed documentation for IF statements and multiple IF statements in Excel. Other relevant resources include Exceljet and Excel Easy, which offer step-by-step tutorials and examples of multiple IF statements.

• Excel Multiple IF Statements Formula

The formula for multiple IF statements in Excel is as follows:

=IF(logical_test1, [value_if_true1], IF(logical_test2, [value_if_true2], IF(logical_test3, [value_if_true3], [value_if_false])))

In this formula, multiple IF statements are nested within one another, and each statement is evaluated based on the previous one. The value_if_true result for each IF statement is the logical_test of the next IF statement.

• Excel Multiple IF Statements Alternative

In addition to using nested IF statements, there is an alternative method for multiple IF statements in Excel. It is the SWITCH function, which was introduced in Excel 2019. The SWITCH function's syntax can be described as follows:

=SWITCH(expression, value1, result1, [value2, result2], ... [default])

Expression is the value that needs to be evaluated, and value1, value2, etc., are the values against which Expression is compared. Result1, result2, etc the outcomes displayed are those that correspond to the values when the Expression is matched. Default is an optional argument that provides a value when none of the other values match the Expression.

• Excel Multiple IF Statements Example

Suppose we have a dataset of employees' salaries in B1:B10. We need to categorize the employees into Low, Medium, and High salary categories. A salary will be Low if it is less than or equal to 3000, Medium between 3001 and 5000, and High if it is greater than 5000. The formula for this would be:

=IF(B1

This formula evaluates each employee's salary and returns the appropriate category based on the salary range.

• Excel Multiple IF Statements Text

Excel multiple IF statements can also be used for text comparison. For example, suppose we have a dataset of customers' feedback in column B, and we need to categorize the feedback into Positive, Neutral, and Negative. The formula for this would be:

=IF(B1="Positive," "Positive," IF(B1="Neutral," "Neutral," "Negative"))

This formula evaluates each feedback and returns the appropriate category based on the text value.

## Functions for Excel Multiple IF Statements

When analyzing large data sets in Excel, you may often need to evaluate multiple conditions simultaneously. It is where the AND and OR functions come in handy. Both these functions return a Boolean value, i.e., Depending on the logical test applied to the arguments in the function, the output will be either TRUE or FALSE.

• AND Function: The AND function in Excel evaluates all the arguments provided and returns TRUE if all the arguments are TRUE, else it returns FALSE.

• OR Function: The Excel OR function assesses multiple arguments and yields a TRUE result if at least one of the arguments is TRUE; otherwise, it yields FALSE.

### Explanation of their Usage and Return Values (TRUE or FALSE)

When using Excel's IF function with multiple conditions, you must specify the logical test that combines conditions using the AND or OR functions. Suppose you wish to verify whether a score falls within the range of 60 to 80. In such a case, you can utilize the following formula:

=IF(AND(A1>60, A1

This formula evaluates whether the value in cell A1 is both greater than 60 and less than 80. If both conditions are met, it returns "Pass"; otherwise, it returns "Fail."

### Reference to Excel IF Function with Multiple Conditions

To apply the IF function with multiple conditions in Excel, it is necessary to incorporate the AND or OR function within the logical test argument of the IF function. Here are the formulas for Excel IF with multiple conditions based on AND and OR logic:

For multiple conditions based on AND logic:

=IF(AND(condition1, condition2, ...), value_if_true, value_if_false)

For multiple conditions based on OR logic:

=IF(OR(condition1, condition2, ...), value_if_true, value_if_false)

In both formulas, ensure that you separate the multiple conditions with commas to perform the desired checks.

## How to Use AND Function for Excel Multiple IF Statements

When dealing with complex data analysis, evaluating multiple conditions is important. One way to accomplish this task in Excel is by utilizing a combination of the IF and AND functions.

• Formula Structure

To create an IF statement with two or more conditions using the AND function, the formula structure is as follows:

IF(AND(condition1, condition2, ...), value_if_true, value_if_false)

• Practical Examples

Let's look at some practical examples of using the IF-AND combination.

Example: Let's consider an example involving the evaluation of test scores for passing grades. Imagine you possess a table containing student names in column A and their corresponding scores in columns B and C. To successfully pass the final exam, it is required for students to obtain a score of 50 or higher on both tests.

Here's how you can construct the IF-AND formula:

=IF(AND(B2>=50,C2>=50),"Pass","Fail")

The formula checks whether both conditions are met and returns "Pass" if true and "Fail" if false.

• Reference

For more information about using the IF function with multiple conditions, including examples of using the OR function, nested IF statements, and IF with other Excel functions like VLOOKUP and SUM, refer to our previous tutorial on the Excel IF function with multiple criteria.

• Alternative

Sometimes, you may use an alternative method to perform multiple IF statements, such as using an Excel function like SUMPRODUCT or the SWITCH function. However, the IF-AND combination is a simple and effective approach that can be easily customized to suit your needs.

• Text

In addition to evaluating numerical data, the IF-AND formula can also be used to check for multiple text conditions. For example, you can check if a cell contains certain words or phrases using the following formula:

=IF(AND(ISNUMBER(SEARCH("word1", A1)), ISNUMBER(SEARCH("word2", A1))), "Match," "No Match")

This formula checks if cell A1 contains both "word1" and "word2" and returns "Match" if true and "No Match" if false.

## How to Use OR Function for Excel Multiple IF Statements

The IF function within Excel proves to be a robust tool for assessing conditions and providing outcomes according to those conditions. However, you may need to evaluate multiple conditions at once. In such cases, you can use both the AND and OR functions in combination with the IF function. This section will focus on using the OR function for multiple IF statements in Excel with text.

### Formula Structure for IF with Multiple Conditions Using the OR Function

The general formula for using the OR function with the IF function in Excel is as follows:

=IF(OR(condition1, condition2, ...), value_if_true, value_if_false)

This formula evaluates whether any of the specified conditions are true. If any condition is met, it returns the value_if_true argument; otherwise, it returns the value_if_false argument.

### Practical Examples Showing the IF-OR Combination

Let's take a practical example to understand how to use the OR function in Excel for multiple IF statements. Imagine there's a student table containing their respective test scores in columns B and C. To determine whether a student has passed or failed, you must evaluate if they scored over 50 on either of the tests. To do this, you would use the following formula:

=IF(OR(B2>50, C2>50), "Pass", "Fail")

This formula checks if the score in column B or C exceeds 50. If any conditions are met, it returns "Pass," otherwise "Fail."

An additional illustration of employing the OR function in Excel to handle multiple IF statements is when you aim to label a sale as "closed" based on whether cell B2 contains either "delivered" or "paid." The formula to achieve this is:

=IF(OR(B2={"delivered", "paid"}), "Closed", "")

This formula evaluates if cell B2 contains either "delivered" or "paid" and assigns "Closed" as the result if either condition is met. If either of the values is present, it will return "Closed"; otherwise, a blank cell will be returned.

### Example: Determining Pass or Fail Based on Individual Test Scores

Let's take another example where we use the OR function in Excel multiple IF statements to determine whether a student has passed or failed based on individual test scores.

Imagine you possess a student table featuring their scores in three tests presented in columns B, C, and D. In order to ascertain their pass or fail status, it is essential to assess whether they have achieved a score of 50 or higher in a minimum of two tests. To do this, you would use the following formula:

=IF(OR(AND(B2>50, C2>50), AND(C2>50, D2>50), AND(B2>50, D2>50)), "Pass", "Fail")

This formula checks if any specified conditions are met, i.e., if each condition in the AND statement is true. If any conditions are met, it returns "Pass"; otherwise, "Fail."

### Reference to Excel IF Function with Multiple Conditions

In addition to using the OR function, you can also use the AND function in combination with the IF function for evaluating multiple conditions in Excel. To gain further insights into utilizing the OR and AND functions within Excel's multiple IF statements, we encourage you to explore our earlier sections dedicated to employing IF statements with multiple criteria based on both AND logic and OR logic.

## Nested IF Statement To Check Multiple Logical Tests

An Excel multiple IF statements conditions range is useful for evaluating data with more than one aspect. However, sometimes it is necessary to consider multiple sets of conditions or to have a fallback option if the initial condition is not met. In this context, the utilization of a nested IF statement proves to be effective.

A nested IF statement entails placing one IF statement inside another. The internal IF statement is assessed solely when the external IF statement evaluates to true.

It allows us to build more complex logical tests.

Let's take an example. Suppose we have a list of students and their examination scores and want to award them grades based on their results. We might consider the following grading scheme:

If the student scores over 90, they receive an A.

If the student scores over 80 but less than or equal to 90, they receive a B.

If the student scores over 70, but less than or equal to 80, they receive a C.

If the student scores over 60 but less than or equal to 70, they receive a D.

Students who achieve a score of 60 or lower will be assigned an F grade. To assess these conditions, a nested IF statement can be employed. The formula may be expressed as follows:

=IF(A2>90, "A", IF(A2>80, "B", IF(A2>70, "C", IF(A2>60, "D", "F"))))

Let's break this down. The innermost IF statement evaluates if the score is greater than 60. If it is, the result is "D." If not, the innermost IF statement is false, so we move to the next level. Here, we evaluate if the score is greater than 70. If it is, the result is "C." If not; we move up another level, and so on.

They are nested IF statements that can be difficult to read and write, especially if there are many levels of nested statements. A lookup table or another function, such as VLOOKUP or INDEX & MATCH, might be better.

For more information on Excel multiple IF statements conditions range, refer to the Excel IF function with multiple conditions.

## A Free Microsoft Excel Editor - WPS Office

While Microsoft Excel is the most well-known spreadsheet software, alternatives are available that also provide powerful features and functionality. One such alternative is WPS Office, which offers a free version of its spreadsheet editor.

WPS Office is highly compatible with Microsoft Office, meaning files can be easily imported and exported. It also includes various features, including support for formulas, charts, and graphs.

Compared to Microsoft Office, WPS Office has a simpler user interface, which may make it easier for users new to spreadsheet software. Nonetheless, it requires access to some of the more sophisticated functionalities offered by Microsoft Office.

For instructions on using WPS Office for multiple if statements in Excel with text, refer to our WPS Office IF FUNCTION tutorial.

Trustpilot4.8
WPS Office- Free All-in-One Office Suite

• Edit PDF files with the powerful PDF toolkit.

• Microsoft-like interface. Easy to learn. 100% Compatibility.

• Boost your productivity with WPS's abundant free Word, Excel, PPT, and CV templates.

5,820,008 User
Algirdas Jasaitis
logo

## How many nested IF statements can Excel handle?

Excel can handle up to 64 nested IF statements. However, this type of formula can become long, complex, and difficult to read and maintain. To simplify complex IF statements using other Excel functions like VLOOKUP or INDEX/MATCH is recommended. Learn more about nested IF statements and alternatives in Excel tutorials and resources.

## What are the alternatives to using multiple IF statements in Excel?

Instead of using nested IF statements, users can consider using the SWITCH or CHOOSE functions. SWITCH assigns a result based on a specific value, while CHOOSE selects a result based on a position number.

Users have the option to utilize lookup functions such as VLOOKUP or INDEX/MATCH, which can simplify intricate calculations and enhance overall efficiency. By exploring these alternatives in relevant tutorials, one can gain insights into replacing nested IF functions with various other Excel functions.

## How can I troubleshoot and debug errors in IF statements?

Troubleshooting and debugging IF statements in Excel can take time and effort. Common errors in IF statements include incorrect syntax or mismatch of parentheses and missing brackets. It is essential to break down complex IF statements into smaller components to identify the source of the error.

Users should check for data type and format consistency and use the Evaluate Formula tool to trace the formula step by step. Learn more about troubleshooting and debugging IF statements in Excel tutorials and resources.

## Conclusion

Using multiple IF statements in Excel can seem daunting, but mastering this powerful tool can greatly improve your data analysis and management. While Microsoft Support offers detailed documentation, it doesn't provide step-by-step tutorials.

Thankfully, popular third-party resources like Exceljet and Excel Easy offer guidance and examples for understanding multiple IF formulas in Excel. With the right instructions, you can effectively utilize the sophisticated power of using multiple IF statements to analyze complex datasets.

When it comes to productivity suites, WPS Office is an excellent alternative. It is accessible, easy to use, and offers comprehensive options and added features worth exploring. Regardless of the software you use, it's important to take the time to explore the advanced statistics tools and formulas it offers.

Investing in additional research and practice is highly recommended before diving into more advanced tasks like building multiple IF statements. Remember, mastering any new skill takes time, and don't hesitate to ask questions!

15 years of office industry experience, tech lover and copywriter. Follow me for product reviews, comparisons, and recommendations for new apps and software.