How to Divide a Number in Excel: A Comprehensive Guide

August 4, 2023 1.1K views

Excel's powerful mathematical capabilities make it an indispensable tool for performing complex calculations. One fundamental operation that users often encounter is division. While division may seem straightforward, there are nuances that can pose challenges. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore various techniques and functions to master the art of dividing numbers in Excel, ensuring accurate and efficient calculations.

Part 1 What is Division Formula in Excel?

In Excel, the division formula is a mathematical expression used to calculate the quotient of two numbers. The division formula uses the forward slash ("/") as the division operator. The formula structure is quite simple:

= Number1 / Number2

Here, Number1 represents the numerator or dividend, and Number2 represents the denominator or divisor. When you enter this formula into a cell and press Enter, Excel will automatically calculate the result of dividing Number1 by Number2 and display the quotient in the cell.

Part 2 Step-by-Step to Divide Numbers in Excel(3 Ways)

In this section, we will explore three distinct and efficient methods to divide numbers in Excel. Understanding these techniques is essential for accurate and quick calculations in various scenarios.

Basic Division

The first method involves using the basic division formula, where we use the forward slash ("/") as the division operator.

Step 1: Enter Numbers

Open Microsoft Excel and enter the numbers you want to divide into separate cells.

Step 2: Use the Division Formula

In a different cell where you want the quotient to appear, enter the division formula: =A1/B1

Step 3: Get the Quotient

Press Enter, and Excel will calculate the result.

Quotient Function

The QUOTIENT function in Excel is designed specifically for performing integer division. It calculates the whole number quotient resulting from dividing two numbers, discarding any remainder.

Step 1: Enter Numbers (if not done already)

If you haven't entered the numbers to be divided, do so now in separate cells.

Step 2: Utilize the QUOTIENT Function

In a cell where you want the quotient, enter the QUOTIENT function: =QUOTIENT(A1, B1)

Step 3: View the Result

Press Enter, and Excel will calculate the quotient.

With a Percentage

Lastly, we will explore how to calculate divisions as percentages.

This is a popular example that includes the overall discount of several items as well as the total discount applied to the product in percentage.

Step 1 Enter Numbers

Step 2 Then, in the cell, put the following formula.

Dividends are values from cel A2 , and the divisor is the percentage number from cell B2.

Step 3 Press Enter. You'll get the division outcome.

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Part 3 Acquiring Different Division Result

Round Function

The ROUND function in Excel is used to round a number to a specified number of decimal places.


=ROUND(number, num_digits)

  • number: The number you want to round, which can be the result of a division or any other numeric value.

  • num_digits: The number of decimal places to which you want to round the number. It can be a positive or negative integer.

For example, if you divide 10 by 3 and want the result to be rounded to two decimal places, you can use =ROUND(10/3, 2), which will display "3.33".

Mod Function

The MOD function is used to calculate the remainder after performing a division operation, ignoring the full integer or merely the result to the right of the decimal point.


=MOD(number, divisor)

  • number: The number for which you want to find the remainder. It can be the dividend or any numeric value.

  • divisor: The number you want to divide by (the divisor). It must be a non-zero value.

For example, if you sell 1000 tickets in groups of 33 tickets, you may divide 33 by 1000 30 times and still have 10 tickets left over.

Part 4 A Free Alternative: WPS Spreadsheet

WPS Spreadsheet is a powerful and user-friendly alternative to Microsoft Excel, offered by WPS Office. It is a versatile spreadsheet software that enables users to perform various data analysis, calculations, and visualizations with ease. One of the standout advantages of WPS Spreadsheet is that it is completely free for users

Some of the main features of WPS Spreadsheet include:

  • A powerful formula language that allows you to perform complex calculations

  • A wide range of built-in functions for common tasks

  • A user-friendly interface that is easy to learn and use

  • Support for a wide range of file formats, including Excel, CSV, and TXT

  • The ability to collaborate with others on shared spreadsheets

Similar to Microsoft Excel, WPS Spreadsheet supports the division formula function. You can easily divide numbers using the forward slash ("/") as the division operator, just like in Excel.

Select cell C1, enter“=A1/B1”, and press the Enter key to get the result.

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What are Some Common Challenges When Dividing Large Datasets in Excel?

Large datasets might be difficult to divide in Excel due to increased calculation time and memory utilization. To handle huge datasets effectively, streamline your formulae, reduce needless calculations, and consider utilizing alternate methodologies such as pivot tables or Power Query.

Can I Divide Numbers with Text in Excel?

No, because Excel considers text to be non-numeric data, you cannot divide numbers directly with text. However, before executing division operations, you can utilize methods like VALUE or CONVERT to convert text to numbers.

Is it Possible to Divide Numbers in Excel Based on Specific Conditions?

Yes, logical functions such as IF, SUMIF, and AVERAGEIF may be used to split integers based on certain circumstances. These functions enable you to establish criteria and conduct division operations solely on the data that is relevant to you.


The articles provide a comprehensive guide on dividing numbers in Excel, covering techniques like basic division, the quotient function, and division with percentages. WPS Spreadsheet stands out as a powerful and free alternative to Excel, offering a user-friendly interface, comprehensive features, and a seamless division formula function. With cloud integration and efficiency in handling numerical data, WPS Spreadsheet serves as an excellent tool for diverse calculations and data management tasks.

15 years of office industry experience, tech lover and copywriter. Follow me for product reviews, comparisons, and recommendations for new apps and software.