Easy Ways to Divide Columns in Excel (Step-by-Step Guide)

August 4, 2023 1.9K views

Excel, a versatile tool, empowers users to perform quick calculations, data organization, and chart generation. However, the abundance of functions can sometimes lead to confusion. In this article, we address the common query of how to divide columns in Excel with ease and speed.

Part 1. How to Divide Columns in Excel?

Mastering the art of dividing columns in Excel is crucial for efficient data processing. In this comprehensive guide, we will take you through various methods and step-by-step tutorials, making the process a breeze.

Step-by-Step Guide on How to Divide Columns in Excel:

Divide Two Columns:

Method 1: Dividing a Cell by Another Cell or Number in Excel:

  • To divide two numbers, use the forward-slash (/) symbol in Excel, like this: "=A1/B1"

  • You can also use cell references to divide, like "=A2/C2" or "=B3/10"

Method 2: Copying Formula to Divide Columns in Excel:

  • Enter the formula to divide the first cells, e.g., "=A1/B1"

  • Copy the formula to other cells by dragging the autofill handle or double-clicking it.

Divide One Column:

Method 1: Using a Hard-coded Number:

  • To divide a column by a specific number (e.g., 10), use the formula "=A1/10"

  • The result will show the values in the column divided by 10.

Method 2: Using a Dynamic Method:

  • Set the specific divisor in a cell (e.g., C1), and use the formula "=A1/$C$1"

  • Copy the formula to other cells to divide by different values in C1.

Note: Remember that you cannot divide by zero in Excel, which will result in a "#DIV/0!" error.

These are the summarized methods for dividing two columns and one column in Excel. If you have any specific questions or need more details, feel free to ask!

Part 2. What is the Division Symbol in Excel? 

Understanding Excel's division symbol is essential for performing accurate calculations. In this section, we'll introduce you to the division symbol and its significance in Excel, accompanied by a clear image representation.

In Excel, the division symbol is used to represent the mathematical operation of division, where one number is divided by another. The division symbol in Excel is a forward slash ("÷"). It is used to create division expressions to perform calculations involving division.

The division symbol is an essential operator in Excel formulas and is commonly used in various mathematical calculations and data analysis tasks. It allows you to perform division operations on cell values, numbers, and cell references within Excel formulas.

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Part 3: A Free Alternative Choice to Microsoft Office - WPS Office

WPS Office is a free alternative to Microsoft Office, offering a suite of office tools, including WPS Writer (word processor), WPS Spreadsheets, and WPS Presentation. It is entirely free to use, making it a cost-effective solution for office needs.

1. Strong Compatibility:

WPS Office has strong compatibility with Microsoft Office formats, allowing users to open, edit, and save documents in formats like .docx, .xlsx, and .pptx seamlessly. This ensures smooth collaboration with users who have Microsoft Office.

2. Simple Interface and Convenient Functions:

WPS Office has a user-friendly interface and convenient functions, suitable for both beginners and experienced users. Even those not familiar with Excel can easily use WPS Spreadsheet for data manipulation.

Dividing Columns in WPS Spreadsheet:

Step 1. Download WPS Office: Get WPS Office for free from their official website:

Step 2. Split Rows: Use the "Text to Columns" feature in WPS Spreadsheet to split rows into separate columns. Select cells, go to "Data" tab, and click "Text to Columns."

Step 3. Open with Desired Version: WPS Office allows opening Excel files with desired versions for compatibility.

Step 4. Divide Columns: Divide columns in WPS Spreadsheet by using the standard division formula, like "=A1/B1" for cell division.

WPS Office is an excellent free option with a simple interface and strong compatibility for various office tasks, including dividing columns in spreadsheets. Download WPS Office for a hassle-free office experience.


1.How to multiply columns in excel?

To multiply columns in Excel:

Step 1. In an empty cell (e.g., C1), enter the formula: "=A1 * B1" (where A1 and B1 are the cells you want to multiply).

Step 2. Press Enter to get the result for the first row.

Step 3. Use the autofill handle at the bottom-right corner of the cell to copy the formula down to other cells in Column C.

Excel will calculate and display the product of corresponding cells from Columns A and B in Column C.

2. How to create some calculations in Excel?

To create calculations in Excel, you can use formulas and functions. Excel provides a wide range of built-in functions that allow you to perform various mathematical, logical, and statistical calculations. Here are the steps to create calculations in Excel:

Step 1. Enter your data into the cells of the spreadsheet.

Step 2. Select the cell where you want the calculation result.

Step 3. Use formulas for basic calculations, like addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. For example: "=A1 + B1" for addition.

Step 4. Use built-in functions for more complex calculations. Start with an equal sign (=), type the function name, and include the necessary arguments within parentheses. For example: "=SUM(A1:A10)" to add a range of numbers.

Step 5. Use the autofill handle to copy the calculations to other cells easily.

Step 6. Remember to use dollar signs ($) for absolute references if needed.

Remember to always start formulas with an equal sign (=), and be mindful of the correct syntax when using functions.

By using formulas and functions, you can perform various calculations in Excel efficiently and accurately, making it a powerful tool for data analysis, financial modeling, and other mathematical tasks.


In this article, we learned how to divide columns in Excel through step-by-step tutorials for both scenarios of dividing two columns and dividing one column. The methods involved using formulas and built-in functions, making the process precise and efficient. Additionally, the article highlighted WPS Office as a free alternative to Microsoft Office, emphasizing its strong compatibility and user-friendly interface, making it a valuable tool for simplifying Excel tasks and enhancing productivity.

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