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Google Sheets Percentage Formula: An Ultimate Guide

November 21, 2023 2.5K views

Ever wondered how percentages impact your daily choices, from tipping at a restaurant to figuring out discounts? This guide simplifies the world of percentage calculations in Google Sheets, making it practical and applicable to your everyday life. Whether you're new to spreadsheets or a seasoned pro, join us on a journey to demystify percentages and enhance your skills in Google Sheets. Welcome to the Ultimate Guide to Google Sheets Percentage Formulas!

What is Percentage?

Google Sheets Percentage Formula

Percentages play a crucial role in our daily lives, influencing decisions both big and small. Whether it's calculating a tip at a restaurant, understanding a discount during a sale, or assessing interest rates, percentages are woven into the fabric of our everyday choices. In this section, we'll unravel the essence of percentages, providing a brief introduction to their significance and practical applications in various scenarios.

Percentage Formula on Google Sheets

Google Sheets is a popular spreadsheet application that can be used to calculate percentages. You can also format cells to display values as percentages.

As we continue to learn about percentages, we will explore more ways to calculate and manipulate them. We will also see how they can be used to solve real-world problems.

How to Calculate Percentage in Google Sheets

Calculating percentages in Google Sheets is a fundamental skill, and this section breaks it down with practical examples and step-by-step instructions. Let's navigate through the process with clarity:

Basic Percentage Calculation:

  • Select the cell where you want the result.

  • Input the formula: =(Part/Total)*100.

  • For example, if A1 contains the part and B1 the total, the formula would be =(A1/B1)*100.

Basic Percentage Calculation

Percentage Change Calculation:

  • Utilize the formula: =(New Value - Old Value)/Old Value*100.

  • This is handy for assessing changes over time.

Pro-Tip: Absolute References:

  • When copying formulas across cells, use absolute references (e.g., $A$1) to maintain consistency.

How to Format Numbers as Percentages in Google Sheets

Formatting numbers as percentages enhances clarity in your data. Follow these steps:

Step 1: Select the Cell/Range:

Highlight the cells you want to format.

Step 2: Right-Click or Navigate to Format Options:

Right-click and choose "Format" or navigate to "Format" in the top menu.

to

to "Format" in the top menu.

Step 3: Choose "Percentage":

Under "Number," select "Percentage" from the list.

 Choose

Choose "Percentage":

Step 4: Adjust Decimal Places (if needed):

Fine-tune the display by adjusting decimal places.

Step 5: Pro-Tip: Custom Formatting:

Explore custom formatting options for more control over how percentages appear.

Common Percentage Formulas in Google Sheets

Understanding common percentage formulas in Google Sheets adds depth to your data analysis capabilities. Let's explore essential formulas with examples and step-by-step instructions:

Percentage Increase and Decrease

Percentage Increase and Decrease

Percentage Increase and Decrease

This formula computes the percentage change from an original value to a new value:

=((New Value - Old Value) / Old Value) * 100

Steps:

Step 1: Enter values: Enter the initial value (Old Value) and the final value (New Value) in separate cells.

Step 2: Select the destination cell: Choose the cell where you want to display the percentage change.

Step 3: Enter the formula: Replace "old_value_cell" and "new_value_cell" with the actual cell references in the formula:

=((new_value_cell - old_value_cell) / old_value_cell) * 100

Step 4: Press Enter: Press the Enter key to calculate the percentage change. The result will be displayed in the selected cell.

Example:

Original Price: $200 New Price: $240

Percentage Increase: ((240 - 200) / 200) * 100 = 20%

 Example Percentage Increase and Decrease

Example Percentage Increase and Decrease

Calculate Percentage of a Total

 Calculate Percentage of a Total

Calculate Percentage of a Total

This formula calculates the percentage a specific value represents out of a total:

=(Part Value / Total Value) * 100

Steps:

Step 1: Enter values: Enter the part value (Part Value) and the total value (Total Value) in separate cells.

Step 2: Select the destination cell: Choose the cell where you want to display the percentage.

Step 3: Enter the formula: Replace "part_value_cell" and "total_value_cell" with the actual cell references in the formula:

=(part_value_cell / total_value_cell) * 100

Step 4: Press Enter: Press the Enter key to calculate the percentage. The result will be displayed in the selected cell.

Example:

 Example Calculate Percentage of a Total

Example Calculate Percentage of a Total

Number of Apples Sold: 20 Total Fruits Sold: 50

Percentage of Apples: (20 / 50) * 100 = 40%

Calculate Percentage Change

 Calculate Percentage Change

Calculate Percentage Change

This formula measures the percentage difference between two values:

=(New Value - Old Value) / Old Value

Steps:

Step 1: Enter values: Enter the original value (Old Value) and the new value (New Value) in separate cells.

Step 2: Select the destination cell: Choose the cell where you want to display the percentage change.

Step 3: Enter the formula: Replace "old_value_cell" and "new_value_cell" with the actual cell references in the formula:

=(new_value_cell - old_value_cell) / old_value_cell

Step 4: Press Enter: Press the Enter key to calculate the percentage change. The result will be displayed in the selected cell.

Step 5: Convert to percentage: To express the result as a percentage, multiply by 100.

Example:

 Example Calculate Percentage Change

Example Calculate Percentage Change

Initial Salary: $50,000 New Salary: $60,000

Percentage Change: (60,000 - 50,000) / 50,000 = 0.2 Percentage Change as a Percentage: 0.2 * 100 = 20%

These formulas provide essential tools for analyzing and interpreting percentage-based data in Google Sheets, enabling you to make informed decisions and gain valuable insights from your data.

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FAQs about Google Sheets percentage formula

How do I calculate everything in Google Sheets?

Calculating everything in Google Sheets is easy using the SUM function. Just select the cell where you want the total, type =SUM(, choose the range of cells to add, close the parenthesis, and press Enter. For example, =SUM(A1:A10) will give you the total of cells A1 to A10.

How do I make my cell auto calculate?

To make a cell auto-calculate, type a formula that references other cells. For instance, if you want the total of A1 and B1, type =A1+B1 in the target cell, and it will update automatically when A1 or B1 changes. Use various functions for more complex calculations based on your needs.

Summary

In a nutshell, the article is a complete guide to mastering percentage calculations in Google Sheets, covering everything from basic formulas to practical applications. It emphasizes the convenience and versatility of WPS Office as a powerful alternative, showcasing its user-friendly design and advanced features. Whether you're new to spreadsheets or looking to enhance your skills, the guide provides valuable insights while highlighting the advantages of WPS Office for efficient document management.


15 years of office industry experience, tech lover and copywriter. Follow me for product reviews, comparisons, and recommendations for new apps and software.